Top 28 List of Water Birds (Aquatic Birds) with Pictures | Way2info.com (2023)

There are different types of birds in the world. The pleasure to watch is the water birds. Often called aquatic birds, they can be described as the birds living on or even around the bodies of water. The marine environment is preferable for water birds. Some of the most common water birds are kingfishers, coastal birds, etc. These aquatic birds or water birds also contribute richly to the beautiful atmosphere we live in. Here is the list of water birds with names and pictures along with some information, that you may know of.

List of Water Birds with Names and Images:

1. The Mandarin Duck:

The Mandarin duck belongs to the species of perching duck that are mostly found in the East Asia. These are some medium sized aquatic birds with a length of approximately 41-49cms. These mandarin ducks mainly breed in the densely wooded areas and near the shallow lakes and ponds. These species mainly feed on the seeds and beech mast and also some snails, insects and small fish.

2. The Western Grebe:

The Western Grebe is one of the most beautiful bird which belongs to the grebe family of water birds. It is also known as the largest North-American grebe with a length of 55-75cms and with the body weight of 795-2000g approximately. They normally nest in the colonies on lakes. They normally feed on the crabs, molluscs and on the amphibians.

[ Read: Different Types of Birds in The World ]

3. The Ferruginous Ducks:

The ferruginous ducks belongs to those species of birds that live in water. The colour of the female species are much duller and lighter when compared with that of the male birds. These ducks feed mainly on the aquatic plants and on some small fish and insects. These water birds mostly prefer some fresh and shallow water bodies.

4. The Mute Swans:

These Species of swans mainly belongs to the waterfowl family. These are native to the Eurasia and they have a body length of 140 to160cms long. These Mute swans are considered as one of the beautiful and heaviest flying birds. These birds are reportedly to mate for the life and they are known to form a long-lasting bond with their respective pairs.

5. The Large-Billed Tern:

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The Large-Billed Tern belong to the family of Laridae. They normally prefer the freshwater lakes and rivers. These terns mostly prefer to fly individually and are rarely found in the UK and Canada. These aquatic birds are normally in 38-42cms of length and they mostly feed on the fish and insects.

6. The Dodo Bird:

Unfortunately, the water bird dodo is extinct! ! Dodos are flightless and native to Mauritius Island. These are slightly larger than turkey, with useless wings and stout yellow legs. They eat crabs, nuts, fruits, bulbs and shell fish. A common reason given for their disappearance is that they were eaten by the Dutch sailors because they were an easy catch.

7. The Kingfisher:

Kingfisher is considered one of the most beautiful water birds of medium size. They’re fed on bugs and worms. They are well-known for their impressive water dives. The Oriental dwarf kingfisher is an aquatic species found most commonly in Western ghats.

8. The Stork:

Storks are large and have long necks. These wading bird that live in water and which belong to the Ciconiidae family. They are very large water birds and look very similar to herons. Its bills range from large to very large and will differ according to the genera and the shape of the bill is dependant upon the diet of the various species. Generally, they are carnivorous and feed on reptiles, small mammals and fish.

9. The African Jacana:

The African Jacanas are one of the most beautiful water birds with a pair of long claws and toes which will help them to walk upon the floating vegetation in the lakes. The length of these birds will be approximately 30cms and we can find that the females birds are larger in size when compared with the male species.

10. The Great Cormorant:

The great cormorants are one of the silent birds in these species we can mostly find them in the black colour and they are very large in size. These birds are normally larger in size and they contains a black colour. They commonly feed on the fish that are caught during the diving and they nest in the colonies near the rivers, lakes and some wetlands.

[ Read: List of Exotic Birds in The World ]

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11. The American Dipper:

The American Dipper is a dark grey bird with a length of approximately 16.5cms and 46g of weight. These water birds generally nest in a globe-shaped structure that are generally found at the river banks, behind the waterfalls and at some other places. It generally feeds on the small fish, larvae and some other aquatic insects.

12. The Baillon’s Crake:

The Length of the Baillons Crake is approximately 16-18cms and it consists of a short straight bill with two lengthy legs. These small water birds are mostly seen during their migration or during the winter seasons. These birds mostly feed on the insects and on other aquatic animals.

13. The Black Legged Kittiwake:

The Black Legged Kittiwake is one of the most beautiful aquatic birds with a length of 37-41cm and with a body mass of approximately 305-525g. It consists of a white head and body with their wings in grey colour. Like most of the other aquatic birds the black legged kittiwake also feeds on the small fish.

14. The Crab Plovers:

As this water bird’s name itself indicates the crab plovers mainly resembles the plover and it consists of very long grey coloured legs and a large bill which is black in colour. The male birds in these species consists of the larger bill when compared with the females. It is known for eating the crabs.

15. The Double-Crested Cormorants:

The double – crested cormorants mainly belongs to the family of the cormorants and they mainly feed on the fish that are caught during the diving. These aquatic birds generally swims low in the water by just keeping its head and neck visible. These species generally breed near the coastal areas and also near the lakes and the rivers.

16. The Eurasian Spoonbill:

The Eurasian spoonbill consists of a white coloured body with a pair of dark legs, yellow tip and a black bill. These birds mostly migrate to the tropics during the winter season. The Eurasian spoonbills mostly prefer the wetlands or some fine sandy grounds. These birds normally travel in flocks during the migration.

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17. The Glossy Ibis:

The glossy Ibis mostly feed in the shallow water and nests in the freshwater or in the wetlands. The diet of the Ibis varies from the season to season and they mostly prefer the larval insects, dragonflies, leeches and they occasionally feed on the fish, lizards and on the small snakes. The size of these birds is 48-66cm long.

18. The Greylag Goose:

The greylag is some of the most largest and bulkiest water birds with a long neck and a large head and bill. They mostly have their neck and bill pink in colour. The length of the greylag is 74 to 91cms long having a wing length of 45cms approximately. The male species in these birds are normally larger than the female species.

19. The Flamingoes:

This beautiful bird with the light pink plumage is 3.9 to 4.7 feet of height. The flamingos are mainly recognised as the social birds as they live in the colonies with a thousand of population. Flamingo is the national bird of Bahamas. These flamingos mainly feed on the larva, blue-green algae and also on small insects.faorange-faorange-

20. The Northern Pintails:

The Northern Pintail is a migratory duck that mainly breeds in the northern parts of the North America, Asia and Europe. These beautiful birds are normally large in size with a length of 59-76cms approximately. The long neck of these birds helps them in taking the food from the bottom of the lakes by dabbling on different water bodies.

21. The Ruddy Turnstones:

These are the small wading birds that normally belongs to the family of the turnstone and is a highly migratory bird. These are the small sized birds with a size of approximately 22-24cms long. These birds normally feed on the invertebrates and some plant materials. These birds are able to survive in a wide range of climatic conditions.

22. The Ruff:

Well this is a medium sized bird and it normally breed in the wet meadows and marshes in the northern Eurasia. One can find these birds in the huge flocks in the regions of Australia, Southern Asia and in the western Europe during the winter seasons. Normally the male birds are much larger than the female ones with a length of approximately 29-32cms.

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23. The Terek Sandpiper:

This small sized bird is named after the river terek as this bird was first observed near this river. These birds normally feed on different types of insects and other mobile prey. The terek consists of a pair of short legs and a slightly up-turned bill which is orange at the base. This bird is slightly larger than the common sandpiper with a length of 22-25cms.

24. The Ruddy Shelduck:

The Ruddy Shelducks are most beautiful Indian water birds which are commonly known as the Brahminy ducks in India. This beautiful bird consists of an orange-brown coloured body with some black and white coloured feathers in its wings which added more beauty to this bird. The length of its body is merely 58 – 70cms. These migratory birds normally spend their winter time in India and they breed in central Asia and south-eastern Europe.

25. The Seagulls:

The Gulls commonly referred as the seagulls belongs to the family of the Laridae. These are medium to large sized birds with the white or grey colour. The Seagulls normally nest in the large areas in noisy colonies. They are normally known as the adaptable feeders as they almost feed on all kinds of fish, freshwater and marine invertebrates and they also feed up on the insects, worms, plants and on the fruits.

26. The Common Swan:

Swan is the waterfowl family’s largest aquatic bird. These water birds are obviously graceful and their necks are long. They are the only water bird to move quickly on water in the waterfowl family. They are big footed, which makes them glide over water, even when they have to swim, they look brilliant.

27. The Great Skua:

The skuas are the long distant migrants and they normally rest on the ground in Arctic and temperate regions. Most of these birds normally feed on the other sea birds such as puffins, gulls. But the birds that breed in the southern oceans and feed on the fish which can be easily caught near their colonies. The length of these water birds is nearly 56cms.

28. The Indian Runner Duck:

Here’s another common Indian water bird we’ve seen nearly all of us. These birds belong to the family of waterfowl and are known to have a 5-10 year lifespan. In both seawater and freshwater, they can be found. These are known as migratory birds and live in a different location during their summer months. Ducks feed on snails, worms, fish and eggs, as well as other aquatic roots.

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[ Read: Different Types of Seabirds ]

Water birds will certainly catch your eye. It is indeed a nice view to see many wading along the water wondrously. Most of them are not colored, but they will catch your attention, like the king-fisher. And look for the numerous species of them next time. It’s a lot of them! Hope to get more detailed information about your ecosystem from our water birds list of different species.

Images: Shutterstock

FAQs

Which birds can live in the water? ›

Water birds include: ducks, geese and swans (Order Anseriformes); grebes (Order Podicipediformes); pelicans, darters and many cormorants (Order Pelecaniformes); herons, ibises, spoonbills and storks (Order Ciconiiformes); cranes, rails, moorhens and coots (Order Gruiformes); and several waders (Order Charadriiformes).

Which is an aquatic bird? ›

aquatic bird Add to list Share. a bird that frequents coastal waters and the open ocean: gulls; pelicans; gannets; cormorants; albatrosses; petrels; etc.

What birds live around ponds? ›

You will probably be familiar with some of the common waterfowl that visit local ponds, such as swans, ducks and moorhens. But there are many other birds, such as lapwing, redshank and snipe that also like ponds and wetlands in semi-natural areas.

What bird is the best swimmer? ›

The gentoo penguin (Pygoscelis papua) has a maximum burst of speed of about 36 km/h (22 mph).

What is the largest sea bird? ›

Wandering Albatross – Largest Seabird in the Americas (and World) The Wandering Albatross' massive 11-foot wingspan isn't just the widest in the Western Hemisphere — it's without peer in the world.

What is famous for aquatic birds? ›

Tern. Tern are usually known as seabirds, normally found near the sea, rivers or wetlands. Indian River Tern is one of the species of tern family lives along with inland rivers in the Indian Subcontinent.

Is Kingfisher a water bird? ›

kingfisher, any of about 90 species of birds in three families (Alcedinidae, Halcyonidae, and Cerylidae), noted for their spectacular dives into water. They are worldwide in distribution but are chiefly tropical.

Is Flamingo a water bird? ›

Flamingos are water birds, so they live in and around lagoons or lakes. These bodies of water tend to be saline or alkaline. Flamingos are generally nonmigratory, but changes in climate or water levels in their breeding areas will cause them to relocate, according to Sea World.

Who is a large and white aquatic bird? ›

RF 2H8C1NA–American White Pelican (Pelecanus erythrorhynchos) in the lake with beak open, large aquatic soaring bird in the family: Pelecanidae.

What are the white birds that hang around lakes? ›

Cattle egret
Genus:Bubulcus Bonaparte, 1855
Species:B. ibis
Binomial name
Bubulcus ibis (Linnaeus, 1758)
16 more rows

What are the white birds that hang around ponds? ›

All feathers on Great Egrets are white. Their bills are yellowish-orange, and the legs black. Great Egrets wade in shallow water (both fresh and salt) to hunt fish, frogs, and other small aquatic animals. They typically stand still and watch for unsuspecting prey to pass by.

What are the kinds of birds that come near river? ›

Birds that live near rivers and lakes - thesaurus
  • bittern. noun. a bird that lives near water and makes a loud deep sound.
  • coot. noun. a small black bird with a white beak that lives near water.
  • crane. noun. ...
  • curlew. noun. ...
  • dipper. noun. ...
  • duck. noun. ...
  • egret. noun. ...
  • flamingo. noun.

What bird swims the fastest? ›

Fastest Swimming Bird

Gentoo Penguin found on the Antarctic Islands can swim 40 km per hour. Large populations are found at South Georgia, Falkland Islands, and Iles Kerguelen although their breeding distribution is circumpolar.

What bird dives into water for fish? ›

The cormorant dives into the water, catches the fish and brings it back to the boat where the handler grabs the fish. Double-crested cormorants were abundant during the 1940s. However, the numbers of cormorants declined in the 1960s and 1970s.

Which bird swims very fast? ›

Answer: The gentoo penguin (pygoscelis papua) is the world's fastest swimming bird. It can swim between 36-40 km. per hour.

What is the strongest bird? ›

The harpy eagle takes the title of the strongest bird in the world.

What bird can fly the longest? ›

This is the way of the Bar-tailed Godwit; from Alaska to New Zealand, it holds the record for the largest non-stop flight of any bird, flying for over 11,000 km (6,835 mi) without rest.

What is the heaviest flying bird? ›

The largest (heaviest) flying bird today is the Kori Bustard (Ardeotis kori) of Africa, males weigh about 18kg, females about half that. The largest bird ever to fly were the Teratorns (a type of Condor), the largest of which, Argentavis magnificens, had a wingspan of 3 metres, and weighed 120kg.

What are sea birds called? ›

Included in seabirds are gulls, terns, kittiwakes, guillemots, jaegers, skuas, shearwaters, storm-petrels, petrels, puffins, gannet, boobies, razorbill, dovekie, murres, cormorants, auklets, murrelets, albatrosses, fulmar, pelicans, tropicbirds, frigatebirds, noddies and skimmer.

Is Crane a water bird? ›

Cranes are an ancient type of wading bird. Their first definite fossils are in the Eocene epoch, The rails (family Rallidae) are their nearest relatives in the order Gruiformes. Most of the other groups in the Gruiformes are flightless birds.

What kind of birds come to a river or a pond? ›

Answer. Answer: Aquatic birds includes Kingfishers, Shorebirds, Pelecanu and some birds of prey, such as ospreys and sea eagles. These beautiful birds has the adaptations culture to feed in water using long legs and also has the ability to dive in water to catch prey or fish.

Is Penguin a water bird? ›

Penguins are specialized marine birds adapted to living at sea. Some species spend as much as 75% of their lives in the sea – only coming ashore for breeding and molting. Penguin wings are paddle-like flippers used for swimming, not flying.

Is Kookaburra a bird? ›

kookaburra, also called laughing kookaburra or laughing jackass, (species Dacelo novaeguineae), eastern Australian bird of the kingfisher family (Alcedinidae), whose call sounds like fiendish laughter.

Can I pet a kingfisher? ›

As a whole, kingfishers do not make good pets. They are wild birds, and most species are not tame or friendly in any way. In many places, it is illegal to own a kingfisher as a pet.

Are blue flamingos real? ›

Tales of blue flamingos are completely false, but a single black flamingo has been seen. It's not a new species, and it's been spotted twice - once in Israel and once in Cyprus. They could be different birds, but some experts think it's the same individual.

Is Beluga a flamingo brother? ›

His "brother" is Albert Aretz aka Flamingo, which was then stated to be all a joke and that they have no blood connections whatsoever. In late October 2021 it was confirmed in a Reddit AMA that Beluga would be getting a figure the near future. As of March 2022, he releases his YouTooz Beluga figure for pre-order.

Do flamingos bite? ›

Do Flamingos Bite? Yes, flamingos use their beaks to bite and peck whenever they feel threatened. Their beaks are pretty sharp, which is why you may end up with bite scratches on your body.

What is a large water loving bird? ›

These are birds found in or very near water in aquatic or wetland habitats such as marshes, ponds, lakes, bays, and streams. This group includes grebes, loons, cormorants, ducks, geese, herons, sandpipers, rails, gulls, and others.

Which bird is known as black water bird? ›

The black drongo (Dicrurus macrocercus) is a small Asian passerine bird of the drongo family Dicruridae.
...
Black drongo
Genus:Dicrurus
Species:D. macrocercus
Binomial name
Dicrurus macrocercus (Vieillot, 1817)
16 more rows

What are the black water birds? ›

Examples of black water birds include the American coot, common loon, anhinga, great cormorant, black skimmer, black swan, surf scoter, and many others. Black water birds in North America include common loons, black oystercatchers, surf scoters, black guillemots, black skimmers, and others.

Which bird can swim but not fly? ›

Penguin. No list of flightless birds would be complete without the penguin. All 18 species of penguin are unable to fly, and are in fact better built for swimming and diving, which they spend the majority of their time doing.

What bird can stay underwater the longest? ›

The record for deepest dive among birds is held by the Emperor penguin, which has been recorded at depths of over 530 m ! It can also stay underwater more than 15 minutes at a time.

Which bird lives both in water and land? ›

Amphibians. Can live both on land and in water.

Which bird Cannot walk? ›

Hummingbirds cannot walk or hop, though they can use their feet to scoot sideways while perched. These birds have evolved smaller feet to be lighter for more efficient flying.

Can a kiwi swim? ›

Although the kiwi is a strong swimmer, it's not likely to have paddled all the way. There's a few theories as to how the kiwi did it, it might have used stepping stones or small islands that have long since sunk back into the water.

Which bird can talk like a man? ›

Hill mynahs. Hill mynahs (tropical members of the starling family of birds) are renowned for their ability to mimic the human voice. It has been claimed that the hill mynah is the best talking bird and the best mimic in the world.

Which bird can swim underwater? ›

Penguins are the most aquatic among other diving birds. Penguins possess streamlined bodies and they are well adapted to the surrounding and for underwater swimming. These are some examples of the birds who can swim.

What bird dives into water for fish? ›

The cormorant dives into the water, catches the fish and brings it back to the boat where the handler grabs the fish. Double-crested cormorants were abundant during the 1940s. However, the numbers of cormorants declined in the 1960s and 1970s.

What birds dive for fish in the ocean? ›

Today, cormorants (family Phalacrocoracidae), loons (Gaviidae), and grebes (Podicipedidae) are the major groups of foot-propelled diving birds.

Who is a large and white aquatic bird? ›

RF 2H8C1NA–American White Pelican (Pelecanus erythrorhynchos) in the lake with beak open, large aquatic soaring bird in the family: Pelecanidae.

Which bird is known as black water bird? ›

The black drongo (Dicrurus macrocercus) is a small Asian passerine bird of the drongo family Dicruridae.
...
Black drongo
Genus:Dicrurus
Species:D. macrocercus
Binomial name
Dicrurus macrocercus (Vieillot, 1817)
16 more rows

What kind of birds come to a river or a pond? ›

Answer. Answer: Aquatic birds includes Kingfishers, Shorebirds, Pelecanu and some birds of prey, such as ospreys and sea eagles. These beautiful birds has the adaptations culture to feed in water using long legs and also has the ability to dive in water to catch prey or fish.

Which is fastest swimming bird? ›

Fastest Swimming Bird

Gentoo Penguin found on the Antarctic Islands can swim 40 km per hour. Large populations are found at South Georgia, Falkland Islands, and Iles Kerguelen although their breeding distribution is circumpolar.

What animal can fly and swim? ›

Seagulls. Besides being animals that can fly and swim, seagulls have been known for many other things.

Which is the only bird that can fly backwards? ›

NARRATOR: The hummingbird is the only bird that can fly in any direction. The unique architecture of its wings enables it to fly forward, backward, straight up and down, or to remain suspended in the air.

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